Clark Lombardi is Associate Professor of Law and Adjunct Associate Professor of International Studies at the University of Washington.
About Clark Lombardi
Clark Lombardi is Associate Professor of Law and Adjunct Associate Professor of International Studies at the University of Washington, where he specializes in Islamic law, constitutional law, and law and development. He received his J.D. from Columbia University School of Law in 1998, where he was James Kent Scholar and editor-in-chief of the Columbia Journal of Transnational Law. He clerked for the Hon. Samuel A. Alito, then on the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Third Circuit. He completed his Ph.D. in 2001 from Columbia’s Department of Religion. He is the author of State Law as Islamic Law in Modern Egypt (Brill, 2006) and numerous articles. He is a senior editor of the forthcoming Oxford Encyclopedia of Islam and Law and co-editor of OUP’s book series Oxford Islamic Legal Studies. Dr. Lombardi has worked on numerous legal reform projects in the Muslim world.
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Institutional Design Questions for Regimes that Constitutionalize Shari`a
As a result of the recent political upheavals in the Arab world, Islamic political organizations have gained new power, and the question of Islam’s role in the constitutions of Arab states is being heavily debated. Already many countries in the region have constitutions that require state law to respect Islamic norms. It is likely that such provisions will be retained and, in some countries, strengthened. Furthermore, it is likely that a process of “Islamic review” will be institutionalized in countries where it has not previously been institutionalized. This raises questions of constitutional design. This paper will create a typology of systems of Islamic review that have been implemented in the Muslim world in the Modern era and discuss the benefits and costs of different approaches.