Constitutional Transitions is proud to announce the release of two reports as part of a series of thematic, comparative research reports on issues in constitutional design that have arisen in the wake of the Arab Spring. The first report, Constitutional Courts after the Arab Spring: Appointment mechanisms and relative judicial independence, discusses and analyses four models for constitutional court appointments applied in six countries (Germany, South Africa, Egypt, Iraq, Italy and Turkey), concluding with a set of recommendations for constitution drafters and policymakers in the MENA region.
The second report, Semi-Presidentialism as Power Sharing: Constitutional reform after the Arab Spring, assesses the extent to which a semi-presidential form of government can work as a tool for power sharing in new democracies, thereby minimizing the risk of the reemergence of presidential dictatorship. The report analyses the range of design options for establishing a semi-presidential system of government, including the formation of government, the day-to-day operation of the system, and the operation of the system during times of crisis.
These reports are jointly published by Constitutional Transitions and International IDEA. They were prepared by teams of student researchers in the Constitutional Transitions Clinic, which mobilizes knowledge by providing ‘back office’ research support to constitutional advisors in the field. These reports will meet International IDEA’s need for comprehensive thematic research on comparative constitutional issues and will be used as engagement tools in support of constitution-building activities in the region
Other forthcoming reports in the series are Political Party Finance Regulation: Constitutional reform after the Arab Spring (Spring 2014), Combating Corruption: Constitutional reform after the Arab Spring (Fall 2014), Decentralization in Unitary States: Constitutional reform after the Arab Spring (Fall 2014), and Oil and Natural Gas: Constitutional reform after the Arab Spring (Fall 2014).
An Arabic version of the reports is forthcoming and will be available online.