The Center for Constitutional Transitions, International IDEA and the United Nations Development Programme

Combating Corruption: Constitutional Frameworks for the Middle East and North Africa

The Center for Constitutional Transitions, along with International IDEA and the United Nations Development Programme, has prepared a series of thematic, comparative research reports on issues in constitutional design that have arisen in the Middle East and North Africa. These reports are jointly published  in English and Arabic, and will be used as engagement tools in support of constitution-building activities in the region.

This report, Combating Corruption: Constitutional reform after the Arab Spring, delves into the relationship between constitutional law and the struggle against corruption. This report considers the constitutional frameworks and mechanisms available to prevent and reduce corruption, with particular reference to the transitional states of the Arab region. While acknowledging that petty corruption continues to be a significant concern, this report begins with the view that a constitutional framework is well-suited to addressing the problems of grand corruption in particular. The report find that most successful anti-corruption frameworks combine a number of preventive, corrective and restorative safeguards, and adopt a coordinated, rather than piecemeal, approach to the problem of corruption. This report points out the legislature’s non-legislative tools for controlling government corruption, the different models for a supreme audit institution, and the important role that specialized anti-corruption agencies can play. It concludes with a set of recommendations for constitution drafters and policy makers on how to incorporate constitutional obligations and institutional reforms to address corruption.

The other reports in the series are:

Read the Report:

Download the full report (English)(Arabic)

Order a Printed Copy (through International IDEA)

About the Partner Organizations

Constitutional Transitions generates and mobilizes knowledge in support of constitution building. Constitutional Transitions generates knowledge by identifying issues of critical importance to the success of constitutional transitions, where a lack of adequate, up-to-date research impedes the effectiveness of technical assistance for constitution building, and assembles and leads international networks of experts to complete thematic research projects that offer evidence-based policy options to practitioners. Constitutional Transitions mobilizes knowledge through an innovative clinical program that provides “back office” research support to constitutional advisors in the field, and deploys faculty experts and field researchers for support on the ground. We meet existing field missions’ needs for comprehensive research, dramatically enhancing their effectiveness and efficiency in their role as policy advisors and actors.

International IDEA is an intergovernmental organization with 28 member states that supports sustainable democracy worldwide. International IDEA’s mission is to support sustainable democratic change by providing comparative knowledge, and assisting in democratic reform, and influencing policies and politics.

International IDEA produces comparative knowledge in its key areas of expertise: electoral processes, constitution building, political participation and representation, and democracy and development, as well as on democracy as it relates to gender, diversity, and conflict and security. IDEA’s work is non-prescriptive and IDEA takes an impartial and collaborative approach to democracy cooperation; emphasizing diversity in democracy, equal political participation, representation of women and men in politics and decision making, and helping to enhance the political will required for change. International IDEA is a Permanent Observer to the United Nations.

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) has been partnering with people at all levels of society since 1966, to help build nations that can withstand crisis and drive and sustain the kind of growth that improves the quality of life for everyone. On the ground in more than 170 countries and territories, UNDP offers global perspective and local insight to help empower lives and build resilient nations.

UNDP‘s focus is helping countries build and share solutions to the challenges of Poverty Reduction and Achievement of the Millennium Development Goals, Democratic Governance, Crisis Prevention and Recovery, and Environment and Energy for Sustainable Development.