The Center for Constitutional Transitions, International IDEA, and the United Nations Development Programme

Oil and Natural Gas: Constitutional Frameworks for the Arab States Region

The Center for Constitutional Transitions, along with International IDEA and the United Nations Development Programme, has prepared a series of thematic, comparative research reports on issues in constitutional design that have arisen in the Middle East and North Africa. These reports are jointly published  in English and Arabic, and will be used as engagement tools in support of constitution-building activities in the region.

The report, Oil and Natural Gas: Constitutional Frameworks for the Arab States Region, focuses on the relationship between oil and gas and constitutions and is of particular importance to the MENA region because of its significant natural resources. It addresses possible design options for the regulation of oil and gas resources through constitutional provisions to enhance accountability, transparency, fair distribution, and efficiency. The topics covered in this report are ownership, management, national oil companies (NOCs) and revenue. The report provides recommendations on how to create sufficient transparency and oversight mechanisms to monitor the financial transactions of a country’s petroleum industry. The best approach to regulate oil and gas resources at a constitutional level will depend on the country’s political, social and economic context.

The other reports in the series are:

Read the Report:

Download the full report (English)(Arabic)

Order a Printed Copy (through International IDEA)

About the Partner Organizations

Constitutional Transitions generates and mobilizes knowledge in support of constitution building. Constitutional Transitions generates knowledge by identifying issues of critical importance to the success of constitutional transitions, where a lack of adequate, up-to-date research impedes the effectiveness of technical assistance for constitution building, and assembles and leads international networks of experts to complete thematic research projects that offer evidence-based policy options to practitioners. Constitutional Transitions mobilizes knowledge through an innovative clinical program that provides “back office” research support to constitutional advisors in the field, and deploys faculty experts and field researchers for support on the ground. We meet existing field missions’ needs for comprehensive research, dramatically enhancing their effectiveness and efficiency in their role as policy advisors and actors.

International IDEA is an intergovernmental organization with 28 member states that supports sustainable democracy worldwide. International IDEA’s mission is to support sustainable democratic change by providing comparative knowledge, and assisting in democratic reform, and influencing policies and politics.

International IDEA produces comparative knowledge in its key areas of expertise: electoral processes, constitution building, political participation and representation, and democracy and development, as well as on democracy as it relates to gender, diversity, and conflict and security. IDEA’s work is non-prescriptive and IDEA takes an impartial and collaborative approach to democracy cooperation; emphasizing diversity in democracy, equal political participation, representation of women and men in politics and decision making, and helping to enhance the political will required for change. International IDEA is a Permanent Observer to the United Nations.

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) has been partnering with people at all levels of society since 1966, to help build nations that can withstand crisis and drive and sustain the kind of growth that improves the quality of life for everyone. On the ground in more than 170 countries and territories, UNDP offers global perspective and local insight to help empower lives and build resilient nations.

UNDP‘s focus is helping countries build and share solutions to the challenges of Poverty Reduction and Achievement of the Millennium Development Goals, Democratic Governance, Crisis Prevention and Recovery, and Environment and Energy for Sustainable Development.