The Turkish “model” of civil–military relations

By Ozan Varol As Egypt underwent a tumultuous military-led transition from autocracy to democracy beginning in 2011, a chorus of commentators advocated a “Turkish model” for civil–military relations in Egypt’s nascent democracy. This article takes up the task of giving content to that elusive phrase, beginning with an account of Turkish military involvement in politics […]

Judicial institutions, the legitimacy of Islamic state law and democratic transition in Egypt

By Mohammad Fadel This article contrasts the jurisprudence of Egypt’s Supreme Constitutional Court (SCC) construing the meaning of “shari’a” with the practice of ordinary Egyptian courts construing Egypt’s civil code. The article argues that a shift from the lower courts’ positivist outlook on law to the common-law style of legal reasoning deployed by the SCC […]

Constitutional transitions in the Middle East: Introduction

By Sujit Choudhry Debates over constitutional design are at the very heart of political life as the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) witnesses the greatest degree of political transformation and regime change in a generation—the Arab Awakening. New constitutional beginnings are demanded not only as a necessary means to break from a discredited past; indeed, […]

I•CON Symposium: Constitutional Transitions in the Middle East

In March 2012, Constitutional Transitions held a symposium on the constitutional reformation of the Middle East and North Africa region in the wake of the Arab Spring. The papers presented at the symposium are collected in this special edition of the International Journal of Constitutional Law, with an introduction by Constitutional Transitions Faculty Director Sujit Choudhry, and address: Islamic […]